Semakin banyak kita menyelam, semakin tinggi sertifikasi yang kita miliki, ada baiknya kita juga menyempatkan diri menoleh ke belakang, melihat catatan kecelakaan selam yang telah terjadi, baik yang menyebabkan fatalities (kematian) hingga yang hanya dikategorikan near miss saja.... Some of the example of diving accident would be reiterated again here for us to learn together... This thread will constantly be added so please fill free to add your learning material and I would be more than happy to add it here for us all... 1. Blue Hole Dahab : Yuri Lipski (1977-2000). The blue hole of Dahab in Egypt has been a cemetery for quite number of divers. You could find a lot of videos on youtube, but perhaps the most famous one is the videos from Yuri Lipski. This one become very famous because he use a camera attached in his head and filmed his own death. Youtube link : Videos from Yuri's camera : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eejQPUyeNiY Recovery of Yuri's body : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eejQPUyeNiY The blue hole is a Lagoon (which has a connection with open sea from above) with a 'special' entry at 52m overhang (bottom at 110+ at this entry). We could have an 'easy' entry from the top, but one could always found a special, more challenging entry at the bottom which also connected the blue hole to the red sea. The difficulties in this situation is that the 52m entry has 26m width overhang before diver could start ascend to the surface. Also it is said to have a shoreward current that makes the horizontal swim even more difficult. But perhaps the most crucial one is the danger of nitrogen (and oxygen) narcosis. Deep dive has close correlation with risk of nitrogen narcosis which is the lost of direction, lost of control over some part of the body, etc. And deeper dive theoretically deeper than 1.6 (or 1.7) O2 Partial Pressure (which is about 66m) has an increasing risj of oxygen narcosis which is quicker and more deadly than the nitrogen case. Yuri's body was found at 91.5m and the video he made shown a 'relax' attempt to descend and hit the bottom. Some people would judge that Yuri was trying to do a '100 meter bounce' (touching 100m and then back up). The exact reason of Yuri's death was still unclear but the most reasonable explanation would be because of Oxygen or Nitrogen Narcosis of deep dive (You can see in his video, after he hit the bottom he is unable to ascend, showing symptom of disorientation and panic). 2. Phuket Thailand, Moray Eel bites. We've been told not to touch anything while diving. We've been taught the dangerous sea creatures that we must try to avoid contact with. But apparently in Thailand the 'dance with moray eel' has become quite an attraction for tourist. Until one day this westerner instructor and guides lost his thumb due to moray eel bites. To cut the story short, he has lost his thumb but replaced it with one of one of his toe, luckily the surgery went well. Youtube short cut : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fHNpYxCSnUM the accident occurred after 3:20 minutes of video play. The lesson to learn is not to play with animals no matter how good we know them, they are still wild and uncontrollable... 3. A Near miss, Photo anxious diver forget to check depth and pressure gauges. Youtube short cut : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wTQFcBIyqH8 Diver with camera, surpassing their certificate depth limitation, did not check their gauge and almost run out of air if they were not reminded. Apparently they do not have the right diving habit and the buddy were too young to think of risk... This is why we must dive with the 'right' kind of people, with the 'right' procedure and discipline. 4. 2012 Fatality @Maratua May 2nd 2012, a 36 years old Chinese diver died at Maratua, east Kalimantan, Indonesia. News and report has been on the internet for several days when I type this section... Apparently like the journalist is not a diver nor prepared to write about diving, they use the term "Master Driver" or "Master Dive" for the guides at Paradise Resort. I do not think they are 'dive instructors' as one of the report says. The news might not be adequate to pin point the exact cause of death but definitely we could identify some wrong behavior that should we say very common among divers @ Indonesia. Please read the news in 'bahasa' Indonesia. http://kaltim.tribunnews.com/2012/05/03/wna-asal-cina-tewas-saat-menyelam-di-perairan-maratua-berau http://m.jpnn.com/news.php?id=126416 Firstly we could understand that these recreational divers were diving below the recreational depth allowed (30m, they dove to 35m). Yes they are 40m 'maksimum' depth for recreational but this standard is set not out of no reason, only experienced, advanced level diver could go beyond 18m. Secondly, for sure the group diving and buddy system does not work in this group. They paid the consequences. From the more detailed story at jpnn, we understand that the DM were busy reminding the diver that they should go up to 25m. Surely this will not be a problem if they really dove in group, 8 divers with 2 DM is adequate and ok as long as everybody dove more or less at the same depth and speed. If the DM should go up and down, looking for their guest then definitely they are not in a good control with the group. This might not be entirely the DM's fault, many divers are really take easy on diving rules, because they have the money they think they can buy everything and expect the DM to be a superman who could fly instantly to wherever they need him. Each diver has individual goals that might not be accommodated in the session but they insist to fullfill their individual wishes, making it hard for the DM to accommodate them all. Looks like the dive session was really a mess from common diving regulation perspective. It should have been an easy dive since they dove near the resort's jetty. Up till now we do not know exactly why the diver died, as usual there are always be speculation about the cause of death, but for sure we knew that this could only happen because of lack of respect of diving rule, a human error that makes all the emergency procedure were never occurred should they needed. 4. 2012, July Pasir Putih Accident July 7th 2012, 2 navy soldier died at Pasir Putih, Situbondo on a submarine training that halted immediately due to the accident. According to local news paper, Jawa Pos, which wrote the accident at their front page on Sunday, July 8th, the navy was rehearsing submarine escape training which was held at 21m of depth. 6 person were supposed to be rescued and escape from the sunk submarine. The first 2 person could escaped in 15 minutes safely but the next 2 person need longer time, around 30minutes to escape and they coming out to the surface with blood through nose and ears, bubble from the mouth. Not much information could be gathered as the journalists were sent to land immediately after the accident and the navy up to this moment did not release formal announcement. The 2 victims were ranked Colonel and Major, they use submarine escape suit and according to the Jakartagreater.com the Oxygen bottle in their suit did not function (the hose did not connected or loose) that they were forced to pop up to the surface. News from the local people and fisherman says the mariner were stuck during escape and ran out of Oxygen. I believe lack of training cause them (two high rank officer) fail to slow down during ESA (Emergency Surface Accent) either by having bubble in their suit or panicking and going up too fast. More over vertical ESA (or CESA) has been prohibited, at least in recreational diving... perhaps this is the reason it was forbidden... Seemingly they use submarine escape suit as shown below :
Nevertheless, the symptom of having blood coming out from nose, ears and bubble from the mouth clearly shows severe Lung Embolism symptom one of the lethal level in Decompression Sickness (DCS). Whilst again chronology of the accident is still unclear, we need to always bear in mind that popping out from 20m+ would could lead to death... Later on, on November 2012, from chit chat among divers, I got another "backstage" information that explain the possibility of 'wrong coding' among the officers. The two divers were supposed to wear special emergency suit and surface to be congratulated by higher rank officer. They have to go into a hold room (palka) and surface via a hatchway. They will have to signal the officer inside the submarine to flood the room. There is no visual nor electrical communication between the two and the officer inside. They can only bang the door and the officer inside will start flooding. The rescue team that stays outside the submarine suspect something is wrong since the diver does not open the hatch in time. They opened the hatch door from outside and found the two bodies were already drowned and one of them did not properly wear the suit. The navy presume that the two officer were giving false or early signal for the officer inside the submarine to flow the water. They can not open the hatch door and drowned. Conclusion : This is not a scuba diving accident even though it involve diver and drowning. 5. Grotto Rosso Cave Accident, July 2012, As you may recon from the dive spot name, it is located in Italy, west coast in southern Italy near Naples, and it is a cave dive accident where 4 people died. You could read the report and discussion on CNN News. The name means : "Blood Cave", red walled cave because of bacterial growth. It is a popular 'beginner' dive spot, dove by hundreds of divers each year. The accident is explained by one of the survivor who exit the cave safely, there are 8 of them 4 manage to go out alive and the other half died in the cave.
The story is as follows :
According to one of the survivors, Marco Sebastini, an owner of a dive school in Rome, the group of eight divers entered the cave with no problem, but when trying to get back out, they found that their fins had kicked up the silty bottom of the cave, and visibility was near none.
This caused panic to strike, and the group ended up swimming into the wrong tunnel, and instead of making their way out, they took another tunnel, a dead end. Four of the divers managed to find their way back out, but the remaining four were later found dead in the tunnel.
Lesson to learn :
1. Cave diving need special training, even though it is a popular beginner's dive spot cave diving need special training more than a normal recreational (I mean all level of recreational certificate) diver. It is an overhead diving environment, period.
2. Learn to kick and control buoyancy, silty environment could become very bad because of one diver (need only just one) could not control his/her buoyancy or do not know how to kick on sand / silty bottom.
3. Always use guiding rope to enter and exit a cave no matter how familiar or common a cave is. The leader of the group above is an Italian dive school owner....
6. Menjangan (West Bali) Diving Accident, June 8th 2013.
Memo– Pemkot Batu berduka, salah seorang pegawainya meninggal dunia beberapa saat setelah melakukan penyelaman (diving) di Perairan Selat Bali, sekitar Pulau Menjangan, Kabupaten Buleleng, Sabtu (8/6/2013) sekitar pukul 13.00.
Panji Wibisono (36) Kasubag Tata Usaha di Kantor Kesatuan Bangsa dan Perlindungan Masyarakat (Kesbang Linmas) Kota Batu ini mengalami sesak nafas beberapa saat setelah menikmati keindahan panorama bawah laut Pulau Menjangan.
Kapolsek Gerokgak, Kompol Made Putu Juen menerangkan bahwa seusai menyelam korban mengalami sesak nafas. ”Beberapa rekan korban sempat memberikan pertolongan dengan memberikan bantuan pernafasan, kemudian melarikan ke Puskesmas Gerokgak di Desa Goris, ternyata nyawa korban tidak tertolong, meninggal dunia dalam perjalanan menuju ke puskesmas,” ujar Made.
Hal senada juga dikemukakan oleh Kasat Reskrim Polres Buleleng, AKP Ketut Adnyana Teja. Penyebab korban meninggal diakibatkan mengalami sesak nafas saat melakukan penyelaman.
”Tidak ada kekerasan di tubuh korban, korban meninggal dunia akibat sesak nafas yang dialaminya,” terang kasat. Kematian pejabat Pemkot Batu yang tinggal di Jl Lesti ini memang mengejutkan. Panji bergabung dengan Klub Diving-nya. Keberangkatan ke Pulau Bali ini pun sudah dipersiapkan jauh hari.
Bahkan bersama-sama teman-teman satu anggota klub, dia berlatih terlebih dahulu di kolam renang Songgoriti dan Selecta. Tiga anggota klub ini bertolak menuju Bali menggunakan roda empat milik Panji.
Setelah istirahat semalam di Pulau Dewata, anggota klub ini berangkat menyelam di lautan yang memang menjadi idaman para penyelam. Menurut Ira, istri Panji, sebelum menyelam korban sempat menelepon istrinya. Ia mengatakan bahwa pemandangan di Pulau Menjangan sangat bagus, Panji berkeinginan untuk mengajak istrinya datang lagi ke Pulau Menjangan dilain waktu.
Beberapa saat menjadi visum di rumah sakit setempat, Jenazah Panji diboyong ke rumah orang tuanya, di Desa Ngambang, Kecamatan Ngudo, Kabupaten Jombang. Minggu (9/6/2013) jenazah korban dimakamkan di Pemakaman Umum setempat.
There is no official report neither from the diving organization that certified the victim nor from the police that could be used as learning material... Rumors from the local dive guides / boatman saying that the group was reported using boat from Labuhan Lalang, the official port to go to Menjangan Island. The group did not use local guide (supposedly 4 of them, but other source mentioned 20 divers were in a group with 2 'guides' - one of them is an instructor). This practice is common in Menjangan, as the island it self is quite small, the dive point is limited and the current is relatively easy even for beginners.
The accident occur on the 2nd dive where the group star descend from pos 2 to the left to Bat Cave point. Rumor said they were surfaced and picked up at different point (not ascend as a group). The victim was said to be found / picked up by other boat and not from the original boat from Labuhan Lalang. Picked up in a severe condition, drinking a lot of sea water. But no one knows why this could happened. The responsible instructor said the victim gulped water due to somehow panicked at the surface and high sea wave. This could not be confirmed by anybody but many said that the ocean was quite calm at that time.
Some other source said the victim tank was empty when he was picked up, and another source said dive computer read 20m max depth. Although there were a lot (too many) rumor on what the main cause of accident / death. The real cause of death is still a mystery, perhaps only the victim himself knew why.... Nevertheless, lesson to learned : 1. We should always dive in a group, the ratio between divers and guide should not exceeding 1:4 or 1:5 depends on the skill of the diver. Never dive / ascend / descend alone !! This habit (ascending and descending alone even they were diving in a group is somehow quite 'usual' practice. I was even experienced group which descend together but not going to the same direction, making it hard for the leader to control member of the group and for the boat to notice and picked up the diver. 2. Always use local guide that knows the current and dive site character. Sadly true in many cases local guide (which were younger, lives by the ocean and dive more frequently) is more competent handling real emergency situation than the 'certification instructor'. 3. Always have proper training in handling emergency situation, diving is not just about passing certification grade or being able to use regulator and BC but must include the ability to handle our self in an emergency situation. So whenever we had real emergency situation, we knew what we should do... In this case, possibility of out of air or high waves at the surface.
6. Nusa Penida (East Bali) 7 Female Japanese Diver lost, Friday Feb 14th 2014.
The news started (as always) with rumors and foggy explanation, a lot of dive enthusiast were trying to tell and analyze the why, what should, why not etc. Even some of the online news paper were trying to give an updated news while the real data always came short. See the Jakarta post posting here on Sunday, Feb 16th, they mentioned wrong dive spot and entry timing... See the South China Morning post that reported the bad weather occurred on that Friday. again the dive spot was wrong. Monday, Feb 17th, 5 of the divers were rescued at the southern tip of Nusa Penida Island. They were found by local fishermen, they can not climb the steep cliff of Nusa Penida, 1 of them rescued by Helicopter and the other 4 by rubber boat, they were separated 800m away. News from CNN. News from ABC. News from Australian.com. Tuesday, Feb 18th, 6:10 pm, One of the diver found dead near Serangan (this is an island famous for turtle farm near Denpasar, the capital of Bali province)News from Japan times.
The first explanation of what actually happened was from telegraph.co.uk. Explaining that the combination of (a sudden) bad weather and unprepared boat (did not bring spare fuel for emergency) was probably the caused of the accident. Then the 7th missing diver was surprisingly found few hundreds kilometers south west, south of Malang (east Java), exactly one month later on March 16th. News from Jakarta Globe, in the morning and in the afternoon after confirmation from the victim's husband. The cause of the accident were in Indonesian discussion forum... many people trying to explain and re told the story but I think they failed to tell the real cause of the accident. What might be the real cause with I think brief explanation was came from Simon Pridmore an experienced and famous diver instructor. Explaining that its none of the diver's fault, but more to the boat captain, sea condition and insufficient preparation.
The weather was fine before and during descend, but after some minutes, the current went crazy that forced the diver to ascent. Combination of bad weather (heavy rain, choppy sea surface) that limit visibility, strong current that could swept the victim far in just minutes, plus the boat that not directly follows the diver bubble are the caused of the accident. The captain was reported was releasing anchor after 40 minutes of descend, perhaps due to limited fuel. He was also need to refuel during the searching, extending the searching area. The insufficient preparation I wrote above is the communication device (between diver and boat, and between boat to the Search and Rescue team) that if present could make a huge different. Updated July 2014, On June 2014, the boatman was sentence to jail, accused to be guilty by neglecting the diver and need to buy fuel for SAR attempt. Also 'too long to ask for help and reporting the incidence'. Report from Jakarta Globe.
7. Pulau Pari (Thousand Island) - Jakarta, Indonesia, 13 July 2014. One diver was found death at the bottom of the ocean at Pulau Pari, Thousand Island, Jakarta. News and photo of the death diver.
The cause of the death is still under investigation but what was certain is that the victim was left underwater without supervision and with no buddy. When the guide ascend to speak with the boat man, and then descend again he could not find the diver. Heart attack might be the caused of the death but the lack of attendance and slack diving procedure was the cause of the incident...
More to be added... ========================================================
Tanpa referensi, tanpa penelitian, tulisan ini mengalir sebagai catatan pribadi tentang gaya kepemimpinan para 'Tokai' atau Bos Chineese.
Selama bekerja saya banyak mengenal cara kepemimpinan dan management chineese terutama Indonesian Chineese. Sayang tidak banyak buku dan referensi yang bisa saya dapat sehingga segala sesuatu saya pelajari secara autodidak dan 'trial and error' :).
Jika anda bekerja di perusahaan yang chineese management dan anda tidak atau belum merasakan hal hal yang saya tulis dibawah ini, mungkin anda masih belum berada dekat dengan pucuk pimpinan / managerial, atau anda berada di perusahaan yang sangat besar sehingga tidak terlalu terekspose, atau memang pimpinan perusahaan anda memang sudah sangat 'profesional', namun ini sangat jarang ditemui...
Secara umum para pemilik / pemimpin perusahaan chineese yang berusia 50 tahun ke atas akan memiliki cara pandang yang mirip terhadap management dan leadership...
Beberapa highlight yang dapat saya tuliskan disini :
* Prestasi lebih dahulu yang lain akan menyusul
(dengan catatan : kalau inget, kalau tidak ada musibah).
Ini cukup lumrah sebenarnya, cukup umum, dimana kita akan diminta untuk 'meluaskan tanggung jawab' di luar batas wewenang dan remunerasi :), tanpa authoritas, namun diminta untuk menghandle hal hal yang luas.
Bandingkan dengan perusahaan yang lebih profesional, perusahaan yang kebanyakan tidak dimiliki oleh Indonesian Chineese, paling ekstrim BUMN dan Pemda.
Posisi dan jabatan diberikan dahulu itupun belum tentu anda dapat exercise semua wewenang anda ! :).
Tanpa authoritas namun tugas dan tanggung jawab seabrek ?
Di satu sisi disinilah ujian dimulai, siapa yang mampu bertahan, tidak tergoda, tidak luntur semangatnya dan mampu menghadapi hal hal yang sulit dilakukan oleh kebanyakan orang dialah yang sebenarnya berhasil melewati penyaringan kepemimpinan...
Bos akan meminta kita untuk berupaya semaksimal mungkin dan jika mengalami kesulitan kita diminta untuk bertanya atau meminta bantuan.
Kekurang mampuan dalam menagement membuat bos membutuhkan para 'jendral lapangan' yang dapat diandalkan. Para pemimpin 'tidak resmi', para pembuat keputusan lapangan yang handal di luar jalur birokrasi.
Jika anda sudah disukai, dianggap berprestasi atau mampu mengatur satu lingkup bagian atau departemen tertentu maka walaupun jabatan itu tidak ada sebelumnya, namun bisa diadakan untuk anda ! ini mungkin salah satu bagian yang indah dari konsep prestasi yang dituntut dahulu ini.
So... hiduplah dengan itu, jadilah pemenang yang anggun dan cantik.
* Pertama Gaji, jabatan, fasilitas, kemudian....
Jika anda berhasil membuktikan diri sebagai pribadi yang tangguh dan dapat dipercaya, anda akan 'diikat' dengan gaji, jabatan, fasilitas... dan semakin lama semakin dekat dengan Bos...
Dengan memberikan gaji yang tinggi, fasilitas, priviledges (pinjaman pribadi, beasiswa dll), anda sebenarnya sedang "dinaikkan tingkat kehidupannya".
Nikmatilah, namun jangan tergiur... waspadalah terhadap 'Golden Handcuff'.
Its Handcuff but its so beautifully golden, its golden but it is still a handcuff !
Ingatlah jika anda semakin 'berhasil' semakin 'naik' namun bukan karena kapabilitas anda, bukan karena kompetensi anda, maka anda secara tidak sadar perlahan-lahan sedang beralih dari 'menjual ilmu' menjadi 'menjual diri'.
Artinya anda bukan sedang menjual kemampuan anda, anda sebenarnya tidak terlalu berprestasi namun anda sedang disukai oleh bos ! atau anda dianggap dibutuhkan untuk misi misi tertentu oleh bos anda :).
Jika anda sedang berada dalam posisi ini, atau merasa akan masuk ke dalam posisi ini, cobalah tanyakan pada diri anda sendiri... prestasi apakah yang membuat saya benar-benar diakui (bukan hanya oleh bos kita saja) namun oleh semua orang dalam perusahaan / organisasi ? Apakah prestasi ini bisa ditulis ke dalam CV anda sebagai memang benar karya anda (atau sebagian besar adalah karya anda) dan 'dijual' ke perusahaan lain yang tidak mengenal anda sama sekali ?
Jika kedua pernyataan tersebut tidak terjawab berarti anda sedang masuk dalam posisi 'golden handcuff' ini... hati hati karena jika karena satu dan lain hal anda 'tidak lagi disukai', maka anda akan sulit untuk melepaskan diri dari golden handcuff.
Mau pindah kerja sayang... udah lama kerja, sayang ada uang pesangon, dan lagi kalaupun berhasil pindah kerja, perusahaan mana yang mau membayar seperti perusahaan yang lama ?
Depresi, stress, demotivasi... :) kalau anda cukup tinggi integritas dan self esteem nya.
Jika anda tidak mengalaminya maka anda minimal akan menjadi pribadi yang 'berbeda' dari diri anda yang sebenarnya... sebenarnya kepercayaan diri anda sudah terkikis perlahan-lahan....
Mohon dicermati bahwa saya tidak sedang menyalahkan siapapun,
tidak menyalahkan diri anda, mungkin memang anda sudah berkeluarga, sudah ada anak dan istri sehingga pertimbangan untuk keluar atau bekerja sendiri menjadi 'tidak sesederhana itu'.
Mungkin anda merasa bahwa anda sudah cukup beruntung dan berhutang budi dengan posisi dan remunerasi yang anda miliki dibandingkan latar belakang pendidikan dan keluarga anda...
bagi bos, juga sangat bisa dimengerti,
iklim usaha di Indonesia, materi tenaga kerja Indonesia membuat mau tidak mau lebih aman untuk menjadi 'businesman' daripada seorang 'industrialis'. Yang penting 'sekarang' bisa terus bertumbuh dan menghasilkan profit, boro-boro memikirkan dan menata jangka panjang yang tidak jelas.
Orang-orang Indo yang sedang kesulitan cari uang, filosofi bekerja yang kurang akan membuat seorang bos bergeser dari 'manager' --> 'leader' --> 'god father'.
Daripada repot2 menata dan bertempur, lebih baik 'membeli' kesetiaan....
Jadi kompetensi menjadi nomor dua, lebih mementingkan bagaimana mengumpulkan orang2 yang bisa 'dipakai sesuai kebutuhan' :), toh memang orang-orang seperti ini sulit didapatkan...
So... dengan mengerti kesulitan masing-masing pihak, pilihlah akan menjadi seperti apakah anda....
Usul saya, tingkatkan terus kompetensi anda, dan ketika anda sudah hampir akan 'dibeli',
berhentilah, lawanlah diri anda dan juallah diri anda dengan harga yang pantas, jangan menikmati ketika diri anda dibeli dengan harga yang terlalu tinggi diatas diri anda ! :).
* Bos akan selalu ingin membeli anda
Jangan pernah jual mahal namun juga jangan pernah terbeli :).
Adalah hal yang sangat wajar dan biasa bahwa setiap bos akan selalu ingin 'memiliki anda' seperti juga anda ingin 'memiliki' pasangan hidup (istri / suami) dan anak anda...
Anda jual mahal artinya anda terus menerus 'menolak' untuk dibeli, atasan bisa merasakan bahwa anda adalah orang yang menolak untuk dibeli (orang-orang yang seperti ini semakin jarang ada :)), biarkan diri anda terbeli, namun jangan pernah terlena, berhentilah ketika anda merasa tidak akan bisa lepas... :).
Udah kayak narkoba aja ya hahaha... jika tidak bisa dihindari, berhentilah sebelum kecanduan ! hahaha....
Jangan biarkan bos merasa tidak nyaman, biarkan ia merasa bahwa anda orang yang terpercaya, tergantung, tidak akan lepas (dan anda memang sebenarnya tidak ingin lepas...) namun anda harus selalu siap untuk tidak mau dibeli, membuat bos merasa apa yang ia berikan tidak sesuai atau kurang cocok dengan anda atau harga anda....
comment and critiques are highly appreciated :).
cheers and have a good day to you all !